Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT)
in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa


FTP View Data
HOT-DOGS To assist in the interpretation of the data, it can be displayed using the Hawaii Ocean Time-series Data Organization & Graphical System (HOT-DOGS©).

Sampling Procedure

Continuous near-surface salinity and temperature data were collected during every 2021 HOT cruise (HOT-326 through HOT-334) using Sea-Bird thermosalinograph and temperature sensors aboard R/V Kilo Moana. The system consisted of a remote temperature sensor measuring near-surface temperature close to the intake of the ship's uncontaminated seawater supply in conjunction with a thermosalinograph sensor that measured both conductivity and temperature further down the seawater supply line. The salinity of seawater was then calculated using the internal temperature and conductivity and the internal pressure of the pump.

Thermosalinograph conductivities were calibrated using bottled salinity samples taken periodically (approximately every 4 hours) from the continuous seawater line outtake near the thermosalinograph. The data from each cruise were also compared with the CTD temperature and conductivity data collected simultaniously and from near the same depth as the seawater supply intake for a final data quality control.

The thermosalinograph system aboard the R/V Kilo Moana consisted of the SBE-38 external temperature sensor (SN 0150) in the bow-thruster chamber in the starboard bow close to the seawater intake. The intake depth was 8 meters below the surface, and the pump's internal pressure was approximately 6 dbar. During HOT-326 to HOT-328, internal conductivity and temperature were measured in the IMET lab at the ship's port bow using an SBE-45 Seacat thermosalinograph with SN 0218. For the subsequent measurements from HOT-329 to HOT-334, an SBE-45 Seacat thermosalinograph (SN 0267) was used. Both instruments acquired data every second.

These data were processed and calibrated against bottled salinity samples. Final data for 2021 from cruises aboard R/V Kilo Moana are derived from the SBE-45 thermosalinograph at 1-second intervals.


Thermosalinograph measurements of near-surface temperature (NST) and near-surface salinity (NSS), as well as navigation for the 2021 HOT cruises are presented in the Figures below. Thermosalinograph data recorded while on Station can be compromised by ship effects such as temperature changes in the water due to the ship's hull and engine temperatures. Salinity can also be influenced by the ship when on station as the ship provides a potential source of contamination and disturbs the water being sampled.

In general, cooler near-surface temperatures and, in most cases, saltier near-surface salinities were observed at Station ALOHA compared to the data recorded near Oahu.

TSG Navigation
HOT-326 HOT-326 : Jan 21
HOT-327 HOT-327 : Feb 21
HOT-328 HOT-328 : Mar 21
HOT-329 HOT-329 : Apr 21
HOT-330 HOT-330 : May 21
HOT-331 HOT-331 : Jun 21
HOT-332 HOT-332 : Jul 21
HOT-333 HOT-333 : Oct 21
HOT-334 HOT-334 : Dec 21