Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT)
in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa

Particle Flux

Particle interceptor traps
FTP View Data
Methods View Method
To assist in the interpretation of the data, it can be displayed using the Hawaii Ocean Time-series Data Organization & Graphical System (HOT-DOGS©).

Sampling Procedure

Particle flux was measured at a standard reference depth of 150 m using multiple cylindrical particle interceptor traps deployed on a free-floating array for approximately 60 h during each cruise. Sediment trap design and collection methods are described in Winn et al. (1991). Samples were analyzed for particulate C, N, PO4 & Si.Typically six traps are analyzed for PC and PN, three for PPO4, and another three traps for PSi.


Particulate carbon (PC), nitrogen (PN), phosphorus (PPO4) and silica (PSi) fluxes at 150 m are presented in Figure 56 for the 1988-2022 time period. All four fluxes show large month-to-month and interannual variations. The magnitudes of PC and PN fluxes vary by about a factor of five, while PPO4 and PSi fluxes varies by about a factor of 20. These particle flux measurements are consistent in magnitude with those measured in the central North Pacific Ocean during the VERTEX program (Martin et al. 1987, Knauer et al. 1990). However, the HOT data set reveals interannual changes not documented by earlier studies.