HALE-ALOHA
Hawaii Air-sea Logging Experiment

Instrumentation & Deployment History


Instrument Investigator Measurement(s) Depth(m)
HA-1: (1/13/97 - 5/12/97)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 40, 50, 60, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 25m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 49m

HA-2: (5/21/97 - 12/6/97)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 25m
S4 Current Meters P. Flament underwater current 31, 539m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 34 & 37m
MER2020A D. Karl & T. Houlihan downward irradiance & upward radiance 47m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 49m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-3: (12/20/97 - 4/18/98)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 25m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 31, 110 & 150m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 34 & 37m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 49m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-4: (4/27/98 - 11/6/98)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 10, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 25m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 31, 110 & 150m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 34 & 37m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 49m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-5: (11/17/98 - 5/12/99)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 25m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 31, 110m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 34 & 37m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 107, 200, 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-6: (5/29/99 - 10/17/99)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 26m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 28, 49m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 35, 110m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 36 & 39m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-7: (11/11/99 - 1/27/00)
Meteorological Instruments P. Flament wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 120, 130, 149m
Optical Sensor R. Letelier & M. Abbott downwelling irradiance 26m
Gas Tension Device S. Emerson & C. Stump pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & gas tension 28, 49m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 35, 110m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 36 & 39m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & C. Nosse temperature & conductivity 107, 200, 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m

HA-8: (6/24/00 - 10/15/00)
Meteorological Instruments D. Karl & T. Houlihan wind speed (2) & direction (2), relative humidity, air temperature (2), instr. box temperature, rain accumulation, solar radiation & buoy azimuth surface
Thermisters D. Karl & T. Houlihan temperature 2, 42, 53, 60, 80, 90, 100, 130, 149m
Seacats D. Karl & T. Houlihan pressure, temperature, conductivity, oxygen & fluorescence 35, 110m
Trace Metal Samplers E. Boyle 36 & 39m
Nitrate Osmoanalyzers H. Jannasch nitrate 120 & 180m
Intermediate Water Seacats R. Lukas & F. Santiago-Mandujano temperature & conductivity 107, 200, 410, 475, 540, 560, 650 & 785m