Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT)
in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology at the University of Hawai'i
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The amount of living microbial biomass in the water column was determined by the measurement of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) concentrations. Seawater samples were filtered through glass fiber filters (Whatman GF/F, 47 mm diameter) to collect particulate material and the filters placed in boiling Tris-buffer for ATP extraction. ATP concentrations were measured on a Turner Luminometer using the firefly bioluminescence technique described by Karl and Holm-Hansen (1978).
The average field precision of Particulate ATP determinations during 2015 determined from triplicate analyses are presented in the Table below. The figure below shows the time-series of our in-house check standard. Should the mean result of the calculated check standard value fall outside the control limits, a new dilution curve will be made and the check standard remeasured against the new curve.
The concentration of particulate ATP resembles those of the particulate bioelements, showing maximum concentration near the surface and a decreasing profile with depth (Figure 53). Surface ocean ATP varies between years more than three-fold, with conspicuously high levels noted in 1994-1995.